Common Reference level B2 (independent user)
Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.Common Reference level C1 (proficiency user)
Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
Source: Council of Europe, www.coe.int
• CAE C1 - Certificate in Advanced English, Cambridge Assessment English (May 2016).
• DALF C1 - Diplôme Approfondi de Langue Française, Centre international d'études pédagogiques, Ministère français de l'Éducation Nationale (August 2016).
• Goethe-Zertifikat B2, Goethe-Institut (July 2016).
• PLIDA C1 - Progetto Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri, Società Dante Alighieri, Sapienza University of Rome (November 2016).